绵阳市高中2014届第二次诊断性考试 英 语
发表时间:2014-2-27 15:54:42 来源:manbetx客户端充值 编辑:大邑中学高2011级

本试卷分第卷(选择题)和第(非选择题)两部分,共12页,答题卡2页。满分150分,考试时间120分钟。

注意事项:

1.答题前,考生务必将自己的学校、班级、姓名、考号用0.5毫米的黑色签字笔填写在答题卡上,并检查条形码粘贴是否正确。

2.选择题(1-55)使用2B铅笔填涂在答题卡对应题目标号的位置上,非选择题用0.5毫米黑色签字笔书写在答题卡的对应题框内,超出答题区域书写的答案无效;在草稿纸、试题卷上答题无效。

3. 考试结束以后,将答题卡收回。

 

第Ⅰ卷(选择题,共90分)

第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分40)

第一节:语法和词汇知识(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

1. — What do you think of the idea, Jack?

  — ______ ! I can’t expect a better one.

A. Just so-so                       B. All right                  C. Perfect                  D. Glad to hear that

2. ______ Mr. Li is now waiting for you on ______ first floor.

A. A; a                       B. The; a                    C. The; /                   D. A; the

3. Just wait here, ______ you can hang around for a while. Your turn is half an hour away.

A.    or                    B. so                 C. but             D. and           

4. Tom won the game, ______ was really beyond his wildest dream.

A. that                  B. which              C. it                       D. what

5. Our teachers often suggest we ______ take it easy when facing any difficulty.

A. had                 B. could                C. would                 D. should

6. Playing computer games ______ much of his time.

A. picks up           B. takes up              C. gets up             D. comes up

7. There is no doubt ______ they did a completely bad job at that very moment.

A. which               B. whether             C. how                    D. that

8. ______ with it, the worried person at last smiled.

A. Satisfied                          B. Satisfying

C. Having satisfied                    D. Being satisfying

9. It’ll be only a few days ______ the Spring Festival comes round.

A. after                            B. since                        C. before                       D. when

10. Peter received an e-mail just now ______ his uncle would come to see him.

A. saying                        B. said                    C. says                      D. to say

第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

I walked into the grocery store, not really wanting to buy anything. I just wanted to stay there quietly — the pain of losing my   11   was still too great. And this supermarket held so many sweet   12  . He often came with me, and always bought me yellow roses.

Standing   13   the meat, I searched for the perfect small steak   14   my husband used to love it.   15   a woman came up beside me. I watched as she picked up a large pack of T-bone steaks, dropped them in her basket,   16  , and then put them back. She turned to go and once again   17   for the pack of steaks. She saw me   18   her and she smiled. “My husband loves T-bone steaks, but they are so expensive.”

“My husband   19   away eight days ago,” I told her, and   20   to control the sadness in my voice, “Buy him the T-bone steaks. And   21   every moment you have together.”

  22   by my words, she placed the steaks in her basket and walked away   23  . But several minutes later she came towards me again,   24   a package in her arms. She was   25   the brightest smile I had ever seen.

As she   26  , I saw what she held. “These are for you,” she placed three beautiful yellow roses in my hands. I wanted to tell her what the roses   27   for me, but, unable to speak, only watching her walking away.

Looking down at the roses, I wondered   28   she knew it. Suddenly the answer seemed so  29  . I wasn’t alone. There were   30   many people caring for me and willing to help me. Just be thankful for what you have and who you are.

11.          A. father              B. brother                   C. husband                           D. son

12.          A. groceries                B. memories              C. flowers                   D. dreams

13.          A. by                       B. for                      C. beyond                D. against

14.          A. even if              B. in case               C. until                    D. since

15.          A. Actually                   B. Suddenly              C. Instantly           D. Hopefully

16.          A. missed            B. suffered            C. doubted               D. hesitated

17.          A. reached              B. searched              C. sent                   D. paid

18.          A.    following        B. helping                C. watching                 D. stopping

19.          A. broke              B. cleared                     C. moved                    D. passed

20.          A.    decided         B. fought                  C. offered               D. pretended

21.          A.    forget            B. recover                    C. treasure            D. imagine

22.          A. Surprised            B. Embarrassed              C. Panicked               D. Frightened

23.          A. softly                  B. violently                C. silently          D. wildly

24.          A. fastening           B. carrying         C. picking                 D. opening

25.          A. covering                    B. rolling               C. spreading               D. wearing

26.          A. approached             B. turned              C. continued         D. bent

27.          A. smelled              B. tasted              C. collected                    D. meant

28.          A. what               B. how              C. whether             D. when

29.          A. accidental            B. strange          C. obvious             D. funny

30.          A.    still          B. just         C. even           D. also

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分50分)

第一节(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

根据短文内容,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

We all have our ways of marking time. As a photographer, my life is measured from one story to the next. My oldest son was born in the middle of a long story about the Endangered Species Act. My daughter came along with a pack of gray wolves.

Twenty stories later, though, it’s the story in Alaska that I’ll remember best. It was the story about the loss of wilderness — and the story during which my wife Kathy got cancer. That’s the one that made time stand still. I stopped taking pictures on the day when she found that tumor (肿瘤). Cruelly, it was Thanksgiving. By Christmas, she had become very weak. Some days she was so sick she couldn’t watch TV.

Early examination saves time. But ours was not early. By the time you can feel it yourself, it’s often bigger than the doctor want it to be.

Cancer is a thief. It steals time. Our days are already short with worry. Then comes this terrible disease, unfair as storm at harvest time. But cancer also has the power to change us, for good. We learn to simplify, enjoying what we have instead of feeling sorry for what we don’t. Cancer even made me a better father. My work had made me a stranger to my three kids. But now I pay attention to what really matters. This is not a race. This is a new way of life and new way of seeing, all from the cancer.

In the end each of us has so little time. We have less of it than we can possibly imagine. And even though it turns out that Kathy’s cancer has not spread, and her prognosis (诊断) is good, we try to make it all count now, enjoying every part of every day.

I’ve picked up my camera again. I watch the sky, searching for beautiful light. When winter storms come, Kathy and I gather our children and take the time to catch snowflakes (雪花) on our tongues. After all, this is good. This is what we’re living for.

31. As a photographer, the author used to ______.

A. leave his daughter with a pack of gray wolves

B. express his love for his family in a special way

C. miss a great many important historical moments

D. devote much more to his career than his family

32. Why did the author decide to stop taking pictures?

A. To cure his own disease.

B. To spend more time with his wife.

C. To seek a better position.

D. To leave the wilderness alone.

33. What is the biggest change the cancer has brought to the author?

A. He treasured every bit of time with his family.

B. He has become a stranger to his children.

C. He takes his work more seriously.

D. He focuses more on medical care.

34. The author and his family catch snowflakes on their tongues probably because ______.

A. the snowflakes taste very good

B. snowflakes are what they feed on

C. they regard that as a way to enjoy life

D. there is beautiful light in the snowflakes

B

You put a great deal of effort into reaching the college of your choice. It’s time to get started. But what’s next? Beginning college can be an exciting but awkward time. Follow these tips to adjust to your new life rapidly and make the most of your college experience.

 To save time and money, use the college’s bus system. Taking the bus to school is quick, easy and free in most college towns. You won’t have to locate or afford a place to park either. It’s also a good way to be environmentally aware.

 Save pennies on books by waiting until class starts. You might not even need all of the recommended books. New textbooks cost an arm and a leg. Try buying used textbooks — it’s a surefire way to save money and serves the purpose as well.

 Do never look at college life as an endless series of parties and social activities. But there is a whole lot more to college if you’re serious about graduating. Having a good college experience is all about balancing work and fun.

 Be aware that your living environment can largely affect your academic success. If the dorm doesn’t suit you, consider living at home with your family or renting your own apartment.The best location for your studies isn’t always your dorm. Find a quiet area, like the library, to do your work. Alternatively, buy some headphones that block out noise.

 Be mindful of your diet. Make healthy food choices and watch what you eat. Avoid foods that are processed or high in sugar. The “freshman 15” is real. Many college students gain at least 15 pounds during their freshmen year.

 While electives (选修课) can be helpful when figuring out your major, you shouldn’t entirely rely on them. Clubs and other organizations exist around. Get involved. Make sure, though, that you still have time to study. Having too much on your plate can hurt your grades.

35. Which of the following ideas can be financially wise?  

A. Driving your own car.                                         B. Buying used books.

C. Renting an apartment.                                   D. Attending activities.

36. In the text, freshmen are repeatedly warned against ______.

A. academic failures                                              B. physical problems

C. traffic accidents                                                D. social activities

37. The “freshman 15” tells the fact that some freshmen ______.

A. attend limited activities on campus  

B. have little regular physical exercise

C. focus less on their academic work

D. take relaxed attitudes to their diets

38. The underlined phrase “having too much on your plate” probably refers to _____.

A. using too much money for meals

B. eating too many unhealthy foods

C. taking part in too many after-class activities

D. taking an elective that has too many students

C

IT COULD HAPPEN TO YOU

Many people think there is no need to take special care over home security.

“I’m all right, I’m insured (保险)

Maybe—if you’re fully insured. Even then you can never recover the real value you place on your possessions. But you can’t insure against the upset and unhappiness that we all feel if our homes are torn apart by some stranger, our windows and doors broken, our precious possessions ruined.

“It won’t happen to me”

Won’t it? A home is broken into every minute or so of the day. The thefts of all kinds, including cars and property stolen from cars, happen twice as frequently.

“I’ve nothing worth stealing”

You may think not. But in fact everyone has something worth a thief’s attention. And we all have things of special value to us even if they’re worth little or nothing in cash terms.

“I’m just a tenant (房客) here”

The thief doesn’t care whether you’re a tenant or an owner-occupier. You’re just as likely to be robbed. Have a word with the owner of the house if you think extra locks and fastenings are necessary.

“They’ll get in anyway”

Most thieves are on the lookout for easy jobs. They are soon discouraged by houses they can’t get into in any quick and easy way. So it’s worth taking care.

“This booklet will help you”

It’s based on the practical experience of police forces throughout the country. Most of the suggestions will cost you only a few minutes extra time and thought. A few may involve some expense, but this is small compared with the loss and unhappiness you might otherwise suffer.

If you are in doubt, ask for free advice from the Crillle Prevention Officer at your local police station.

39. Why do you still need to protect your possessions when you’ve already insured them?

A. You tend to undervalue your possessions.

B. You cannot insure against damage to property.

C. A robbery can affect your moods at home.

D. It takes a long time to recover your belongings.

40. What should a tenant do if he is worried about the security of his home?

A. Fix new locks on all the doors.                                                         B. Discuss the matter with the owner.

C. Check it up with the police.                                                                D. Keep careful watch of the house.

41. The advertisement says that most thieves ______.

A. prefer stealing from offices

B. like causing a lot of damage

C. break into any places they desire

D. get prevented by perfect guard equipment

42. This advertisement aims to influence people who ______.

A. have little sense of security                                                           B. are not properly insured

C. are worried about home security                                                D. have their houses broken into

D

In the second half of each year, many powerful storms are born in the tropical Atlantic andCaribbean seas. Of these, only about a half a dozen generate the strong, circling winds of 75 miles per hour or more that give them hurricane status, and several usually make their way to the coast. There they cause millions of dollars of damage, and bring death to large numbers of people.

The great storms that hit the coast start as innocent circling disturbances (气旋) hundreds — even thousands — of miles out to sea. As they travel aimlessly over water warmed by the summer sun, they are carried westward by the trade winds. When conditions are just right, warm, moist (潮湿的) air flows in at the bottom of such a disturbance, moves upward through it and comes out at the top. In the process, the moisture in this warm air produces rain, and with it the heat that is switched to energy in the form of strong winds. As the heat increases, the young hurricane begins to turn around in a counter-clockwise motion (反时针方向).

The average life of a hurricane is only about nine days, but it contains almost more power than we can imagine. The energy in the heat released (释放) by a hurricane’s rainfall in a single day would satisfy the entire electrical needs of the United States for more than six months.

Water, rather than wind, is the main source of death and destroying in a hurricane. A typical hurricane brings 6-to-12-inch downpours resulting in sudden floods. Worst of all is the powerful movement of the sea — the mountains of water moving toward the low-pressure hurricane center. The water level rises as much as 15 feet above normal as it moves toward shore.

43. An ordinary tropical storm is called a hurricane when ______.

A.     it occurs in the Caribbean seas

B. its winds reach 75 miles per hour

C. it makes its way to the coastline

D. its winds    begin to circle on the sea

44. What is the worst thing about hurricane?

A. The rough water.                                                   B. The violent winds.

C. The heat it gives out.                                            D. The length of its life.      

45. What does the third paragraph mainly talk about?

A. The hurricane is extraordinarily powerful.

B. The hurricane is used to generate electricity.

C. The hurricane can otherwise offer an unusual sight.

D. The hurricane can give people an unforgettable experience.

46. The counter-clockwise movement of the hurricane is caused by ______.

A. the low-pressure area in the center of the storm

B. the force of waves of water

C. the increasing heat

D. the trade winds

E

I am a strong believer that if a child is raised with approval (准允), he learns to love himself and will be successful in his own way. Several weeks ago, I was doing homework with my son in the third grade and he kept standing up from his chair to go over the math lines. I kept asking him to sit down, telling him that he would concentrate better. He sat but seconds later, as if he didn’t even notice he was doing it, he got up again. I was getting frustrated (受挫), but then it hit me. I started noticing his answers were much quicker and accurate when he stood up. Could he be more absorbed while standing up?

This made me start questioning myself and what I had been raised to believe. I was raised to believe that a quiet, calm child was a sure way to success. This child would have the willpower to study hard, get good grades and become someone important in life.

    Now those same people perhaps come to realize that their kids are born with their own sets of DNA and personality qualities, and all you can do is loving and accepting them. As parents, throughout their growing years and beyond that, we need to be our kids’ best cheerleaders, guiding them and helping them find their way.

I have stopped asking my son to sit down and concentrate. Obviously, he is concentrating just in his own way and not mine. We need to learn to accept our kids’ ways of doing things. Some way may have worked for me but doesn’t mean we need to carry it through generations. There is nothing sweeter than being personal and unique (独特的). It makes us free and happy and that’s just the way I want my kids to live their own life. 

47. Time and again the author got his son seated in order to make him ______.

A. work fast                                    B. go polite          C. stay relaxed                    D. keep attentive

48. The underlined “it” (in the first paragraph) probably refers to ______.

A. his son’s doing better while standing up

B. his failure in keeping his son under control

C. his own experience as a school boy

D. his disappointment with his active child

49. By this passage, the author attempts to tell other parents to ______.

A. correct their kids’ manners from the early ages

B. respect and trust their kids’ ways of behaviors

C. develop a good relationship with their children

D. guarantee their children’s freedom at home

50. Which of the following would be the best title of the passage?

A. Parental help with teens’ study

B. Adult influence on teen growth

C. Kids’ success in their own styles

D. Friendship between generations

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据对话内容,从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项多余选项。

Mary:           Well, Susan, how was your shopping trip with Nancy this afternoon?

Susan:          Don’t ask.    51  

Mary:           What do you mean? Something went wrong?

Susan Went wrong?    52    Nancy thought I had said I would meet her at the department store at 2:30 when I really said 2:00. Then she thought we would meet at the main entrance in front when I really said at the east entrance on the Twelfth Street.

Mary:                     53  

Susan:          Yes!    54    I had given up waiting and went inside the women’s clothing department. So did she. Thus we met finally and it was 3:00 by then.

Mary:           Did you get what you wanted?    55  

Susan:          A blouse, as a matter of fact. But by that time, all those on sale were gone. So I settled for a skirt.

A. Did you ever find each other?

B. But it was magical!

C. Actually, I’ve got the list ready.

D. I remember you said you wanted to get a sweater.

E. Did you get anything?

F. It could even be a disaster!

G. I don’t want to talk about it anymore.

 

II(非选择题,共60)

第三部分:写(共三节,满分60分 )

第一节  阅读表达(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

阅读下面短文并回答问题,然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上(请注意问题后的词数要求)。

A 14-year-old girl was attacked by a grey bear while competing in a bike race. She managed to whisper the “bear” to her rescuer. The girl had serious head, neck and leg wounds. Now she is in a dangerous condition in hospital.

          The girl was taking part in a 24-hour race through Bicentennial Park in Alaskawhen she was attacked by the bear. Bicentennial Park is next to Chugach State Park where some wild animals live.

          The animal attacked the girl in a heavily wooded area at about 1:30 am. The girl called emergency services but she was unable to say any word. Another rider Peter Basinger found her lying unconscious on the ground. He told Anchorage Daily News that she managed to say the word “bear” when he stopped to help. Her helmet (头盔)had been knocked off in the attack and rolled into the woods. Mr Basinger waited with the girl for about 20 minutes until doctors arrived. Armed police travelled 3 km with doctors to pick up the girl.

          Animal expert Rick Sinnot said something must be done as soon as possible to prevent the bear from attacking people again. “It was extremely terrifying,” he said.

          Mr Sinnot told Anchorage Daily News that the bear might be a mother. It hurt two runners on a nearby path two weeks ago. He also said that the girl was lucky to have been wearing a bike helmet because the bear had bitten her head several times.

56. Who attacked the girl? (no more than 3 words)

57. What was the girl doing when she was attacked? (no more than 7 words)

58. What did the girl say to emergency services after the attack?

(no more than 1 word)

59. Who found the wounded girl in the woods first? (no more than 4 words)

60. What can we learn about bears from Mr Sinnot’s words in the last paragraph?

(no more than 10 words)

第二节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线〔\〕划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Nowadays many young students are like cigarettes. One reason is because they feel it’s a kind of fashion. By smoke, they can look cool. Some teenagers think smoking is good to social contact, so that they can develop social skill. Some others want reduce stress and become relaxing, so they join smokers. And in fact, smoking is a danger. It really do harm to health. Besides, many fire disasters is in one way or another related to smoking.

第三节  书面表达(共35分)

进入高三以来,同学们普遍感到压力倍增。就此问题,最近你班开了一次以“压力”为主题的班会。在班会上,大家各抒己见,就如何缓解压力提出了自己的看法。请你用英语写一篇短文,内容要点包括:

      1、压力的来源;

      2、压力与成败的关系;

      3、你自己是如何解决压力的;

      4、推荐一种你认为行之有效的缓解压力的方法。

注意:

      1、词数:120左右;

      2、可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

      3、文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称;

      4、文章开头已给出,不计入总次数。

      We have recently held a class meeting to discuss the pressure upon every one of us senior three students. _________________________________________________

                                                                    

                                                                     

                                                                  



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